What Are The Components of 48V 5 kWh 120Ah Rechargeable Custom Lithium Ion Golf Cart Battery Pack?

Views: 19     Author: China Lithium Ion Battery Factory     Publish Time: 2020-12-12      Origin: https://www.jbbatterychina.com/

What Are The Components of 48V 5 kWh 120Ah Rechargeable Custom Lithium Ion Golf Cart Battery Pack?

When it comes to how a 48V 5 kWh 120Ah lithium ion golf cart battery has been built to function, most people understand the entire process from start to finish. For instance, they will not find it hard explaining how these batteries work on regular basis thereby powering their golf carts. Although this is great, it is much better when you understand what makes such batteries perform the way they do over the course of time. Understanding the components of a lithium ion battery does not have to rocket science or something complicated. 

Are you confused about what a 48V 5 kWh 120Ah li-ion golf cart battery is made with? Do you know that understanding such components is very crucial to making it perform optimally? A research carried indicated that most people who complain of their batteries underperforming do not understand anything about components. In other words, they do not know how such batteries work. This is one problem that can deprive you of benefiting from the special features of a lithium ion battery which is used in your golf cart. 

In case you have been bothering about where to learn more about a 48V 5 kWh 120Ah lithium ion battery, there is absolutely no need for such. This is because you have come to the right place today where the various components of a lithium ion golf cart battery will be comprehensively discussed. Ensure to read the details from beginning to the end in order to know why these batteries are considered as very special amongst others. 

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What are these components?

It should be noted that 48V 5 kWh 120Ah li-ion batteries usually have 4 major components. These are separator, electrolyte, anode and cathode. Each of these components will be briefly explained below for better understanding: 


Lithium ion batteries are usually characterized by voltage and capacity. These are usually determined by the cathode. Have you ever noticed that these batteries are different in terms of capacities? For instance, there is 48V 5 kWh 120Ah, 76v and more other capacities. Such variation is made possible through the presence of cathode. It is an electrode which connects the positive end of such battery. This is where electrical current leaves as the battery is discharging. 

It is the cathode which determines features that a lithium ion golf cart battery will possess. For instance, it is as a result of lithium oxide. This is the process of combining oxygen and lithium together. When the lithium amount contained in a cathode is high, there is every chance that the battery will have bigger capacity. It is through the cathode that you can know the voltage of such li-ion battery. The major reason why cathode does not contain 100% lithium is that the latter has an unstable nature. Due to this, there is the need for it to be combined with oxygen for optimum performance. 

What lithium oxide does is carry out the role or function of an active material inside the cathode. The bottom line to always remember about cathode is that it determines the capacity of an li-ion battery. 


Anode has a special role that it helps to carry out in a 48V 5 kWh 120Ah lithium ion golf cart battery. This is ensuring that electrons are sent via a wire. It is similar to cathode explained above with regards to having active materials that it has been coated with. These materials are solely responsible for ensuring flow of electric current through the battery external circuit. In a lithium ion battery, anode materials tend to play the role of negative electrode. They are usually paired alongside cathode materials. 

Anode materials are found inside lithium cells and they play host thereby allowing deintercallation /intercalation each time the battery discharges of recharges. Anode can also be seen as a reducing or negative electrode. It is through its presence that electrons are released to external circuits. It is oxidizes during the process of electrochemical reaction. In a nutshell, while the cathode is known to perform the role of a positive electrode, anode does the opposite. It carries out the role of negative electrode. 


The electrolyte is a very crucial component in any lithium ion golf cart battery. It is there to ensure movement of ions in such battery. Without electrolyte presence in such batteries, your golf cart may not be powered. While electrons are known to movement through wires, lithium ion can only move through an electrolyte. Its presence enables a battery to generate electricity in the most effective manner. 

Simply put, the anode and element have one thing in common. This is the fact that lithium ions usually move through them. It is the electrolyte that makes such movement possible. It does this through acting as the channel or medium through lithium ions move between both components. Materials used in building an electrolyte are characterized by high ionic conductivity. This ensures a process of smooth back and forth movement. It usually comprises of additives, solvents, and salts.


Lithium ion golf cart batteries are very safe. For instance, they do not require any form of maintenance to be used. Also, they are different from traditional lead-acid batteries which require water to remain in good condition. In the process of putting water, you could be exposed to some of the dangers that such batteries are known for. 

The separator is an important component that ensures nothing of such happens while you use a 48V 5 kWh 120Ah li-ion golf cart battery. It is always between the cathode and anode. This ensures there is no physical contact between both components. Some examples of separators could be polypropylene (PP) or polyethylene (PE).  Of course, once there is contact between anode and cathode, there is like to be fire outbreak or explosion which can lead to injury. This is prevented by the separator. 

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Having said the above, it can be said that every component of a 48V 5 kWh 120Ah lithium ion battery is very important to how it functions. It is very crucial you have an in-depth understanding about each of them works for optimum performance.

For more about 48V 5 kWh 120Ah rechargeable custom lithium ion golf cart battery pack,you can pay a visit to china custom Lithium Ion (Li-ion) battery pack manufacturer JB Battery at https://www.jbbatterychina.com/custom-li-ion-battery-packs.html for more info.

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